94 | ISTORIJAT RESAVICE Počeci rudarenja u resavsko-moravskom basenu vezuju sa za pripadnike Rimskog carstva koji su na lokalitetu u ataru sela Strmostena iskopavali zlato. Rudarenje na istom terenu nastavlja se i u srednjem veku. Sredinom 19. veka u selu Miliva otvoren je prvi rudnik uglja u Srbiji, a po nalogu kneza Miloša Obrenovića. Ubrzo je otvoren i ugljenokop u Senjskom rudniku 1853, koji je danas najstariji aktivni rudnik mrkog uglja u Srbiji. HISTORY OF MINING IN THE RESAVA MORAVIAN BASIN The beginnings of mining in the Resava-Moravian Basin are linked to members of the Roman Empire, who dug for gold on a site in the Strostena village area. Mining continued in the same area into the Middle Ages. It was in the mid-19th century, by order of Prince Miloš Obrenović, that the rst coal mine in Serbia was opened in the village of Miliva. Another coal mine soon opened in Senj in 1853, with the Senj Mine today remaining as the oldest active brown coal mine in Serbia. Everything’s easier with a joke, even going down the pit for a tough working day. These lady miners say that there’re plenty of jokes among them Uz šalu je sve lakše, pa i odlazak u jamu i naporan radni dan. Toga kod njih, kažu rudarke, ima napretek Beautiful and smiling, these courageouswomendescend fearlessly on a daily basis into the three pits of Resavica, in Eastern Serbia’s municipality of Despotovac, on the slopes of Mount Kučaj. They are concentrated, committed and precise. They say that they aren’t scared of the darkness of the pits or the heavy mining work. “What fear?! We don’t have time for that kind of thing. The mining pit is like a second home to us,”they say in unison as they prepare to show us what their working day looks like. They vary in age. The eldest is 57 and the youngest just 24. Working in the mine is a family tradition for some of them, and they themselves earn a living from the mine. They remain down the pit for about four hours. They hand back the equipment entrusted to them in the morning at around 1pm, then wash and head to the o ce, where they all continue working until 3pm, when their workday ends Some arrived in Resavica seekingwork and a better life. They work in the mine as pit measuring sta , technicians, standardising o cers, engineers etc. They explain that their husbands also work there. From their mining salary they can pay to educate their children, so they view the mine like the apple of their eye and nothing is di cult for them.