100 | Destinacija » Destination DEST INACI JA / DEST INAT ION A L L T HE B EAU T Y OF NEW YOR K The soul of Manhattan is up to the north An American federal holiday to celebrate the life of Martin Luther King Jr. provides a good excuse to visit Harlem this January MARTINLUTHERKINGJR. DAY ISANAMERICAN federal holiday that commemorates the birthday of the great Dr. King every year. Even though his birthday is on 15th January, this holiday is observed on the third Monday of January, which will this year be the 18th. King was the chief spokesperson for non-violent activism in the Civil Rights Movement, which successfully protested against racial discrimination present in federal and state law. The campaign for a federal holiday in King's honour began soon after he was assassinated in 1968. President Ronald Reagan signed the holiday into law in 1983, and it was first observed in some states three years later, but only in all 50 for the first time in the year 2000. Dr. King is associated with the southern states of America, but he also visited Harlem many times, participating inmonumental events and delivering historic speeches from pulpits in Harlem, which had an indelible impact on this neighbourhood, New York City as a whole and the entire world. That is only one good reason to visit this part of New York, for Harlem is the centre of African-American history and culture – not only in New York City, but across the entire United States. Tour the neighbourhood and explore the history of Harlem, from its origins as a 17th-century Dutch Village through its transformation into the “Capital of Black America” in the early 20th century. Harlem has a very interesting history with a lot of tragic twists, but also some beautiful events. In short: it all started in 1626, when the Dutch named this area “Nieuw Haarlem” (New Harlem). It grew to become a very chic area towards the end of the 19th century. This can be seen in its architecture, as there aremany beautiful houses.The artistic, literary andmusical flourishing of the 1920s is called the HarlemRenaissance.This period laid the intellectual foundations for the early Civil Prošetajte istorijskimHarlemom kako biste odali počast brojnim Afroamerikancima koji su se borili za jednaka prava / Walk through the Historic Harlem to celebrate the many African Americans who have fought for equal rights Šetajte ulicama Harlema i sećajte se velikana Walk the streets of Harlem and remember the greats iStock / Terraxplorer iStock / richard eppedio