Decembar 2021

Moscow » Moskva | 97 Tekst / Words: Jelena Pantović Fotografije / Photography: The 200th anniversary of the birth of Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky was celebrated with great style in Russia this November. This occasion was marked in Moscow, among other things, with the post-restoration opening of the museum located in the apartment where the writer spent his childhood, with its opening even attended by Russian President Vladimir Putin. TheDostoevskymuseum-apartment initially opened on the first floor of the building back in 1928 and remains as the centrepiece of the renovatedmuseum. Data on the writer's works are exhibited on the second floor, including hismost famous novels, while large multimedia installations have been specially made for the new exhibition. Dostoevsky was born in Moscow, where his family lived in a tiny apartment on the grounds ofMariinsky Hospital. He lived here until the age of 16, when he moved to St Petersburg. Mariinsky Hospital for the poor, a fine example of late Russian Classic architecture, was built in the early 19th century.The hospital provided freemedical assistance MOSCOW CE L E BR AT ES A GR EAT WR I T E R Paying a visit to a young Dostoevsky One of Moscow’s oldest literary museums has reopened and can boast of its completely restored interior and exhibition space featuring items that belonged to Dostoevsky himself. There is also the flat where the writer lived until he was 16 around the clock. It was in the right wing of the hospital on11th November 1821 that a son, Fyodor, was born to one of the hospital’s own staff doctors, Mikhail Dostoevsky. The family moved to the left wing, whichnowhouses themuseum, two years later. Fyodor spent the first 15 years of his life in this apartment, before enrolling in the St. Petersburg Engineering School in 1837. That’swhythenameDostoevsky is usually associatedwith St. Petersburg. He lived in the city for many years, as did many of his literary characters. But his first and most vividmemories are nonetheless related toMoscowand his childhood. He recalled his loving mother, his friendship with his siblings, family reading sessions, leisurely walks around the city, his first books and visits to the theatre… The museum building remains as it was during Dostoevsky’s time. The apartment’s interior has been restored according to information provided by Dostoevsky’s younger brother, Andrei, who gave a highly detailed description of both the apartment’s furnishings and the events that occurred there. “At that time, our father, a family man, already had four or five children and used his rank of staff captain to occupy an apartment that consisted, basically, of two rooms, the entrance hall andakitchen…Later, inthe ‘30s, when evenmore childrenwere born toour parents, onemore room, with threewindowsoverlooking thebackyard, was added to this apartment”. The furnishings were rather modest, but the museum is worth avisit simplybecause somepersonal belongings of the Dostoevsky family are preserved there. The Moscow exhibition includes Dostoevsky’s writing pen, a symbol of his future literary path, and his writing desk, whichwas brought back from St. Petersburg.Otherpricelessexhibits include an inkstand, his spectacles, business cards, a family library andmuchmore.Thismuseumis just onemore good reason for you to fly to Moscow this winter… Nameštaj je prilično skroman, ali muzej vredi posetiti jer se u njemu čuvaju neke lične stvari porodice Dostojevski The furniture is rather modest, but the museum is worth a visit simply because some personal belongings of the Dostoevsky family are preserved there Dostojevski je objavio 12 romana, četiri novele, više desetina pripovetki i niz publicističkih tekstova i druge proze, od kojih je većina istraživala tajne ljudske duše Dostoevsky published 12 novels, four novellas, dozens of short stories and a series of journalismopinion pieces and other prose, most of which explored the secrets of the human soul FOTO: / Gavriil Grigorov / TASS FOTO: / Gavriil Grigorov / TASS FOTO: / Gavriil Grigorov / TASS