80 | / Leonardo je iscrtao telo „izuzetne i nepotrebne lepote“, nastavlja dalje sa divljenjemVolter Ajzakson. „Svojim snažnim, ali intimnim pogledom i uvojcima kose, koje je voleo da crta, njegovo remek-delo prepliće u sebi ljudsko i božansko. Čini se da je čovek u pokretu... Vitruvijev čovek otelotvoruje trenutak kada se umetnost i nauka kombinuju kako bi smrtnim umovima omogućile da se pozabave večitim pitanjima o tome ko smo i kako se uklapamo u veliki poredak univerzuma (...) Unutar kvadrata i kruga možemo da vidimo suštinu Leonarda da Vinčija i suštinu nas samih dok stojimo goli na preseku zemaljskog i kosmičkog“, zaključuje Ajzakson. Ovaj crtež, rađen mastilom na papiru, širok je 25,4 centimetra i dug 35,5 centimetara. Leonardo ga je nacrtao oko 1490, kada je otprilike imao 38 godina. Toliko ima i čovek na slici. Uz opise savremenika da je Da Vinči imao divnu kovrdžavu kosu i telo dobrih proporcija kao argument, neki naučnici tvrde da je Vitruvijev čovek njegov autoportret, dok drugi odbacuju tu teoriju. ItalianpolymathLeonardodaVinci (14521519) is often cited as a romantic example of amagni cently versatile artist, but heoftendeviated fromthat ideal himself. Above all, he identi ed himself as a swot for science, who devoted at least as much time to studying, theorising and construing as he didtocreatingart.Hewasamanwho ignored and exceeded deadlines for ordered works almost until his last day. And that day was 2nd May 1519. He passed away in the court of French King Francis I, and that’s the reason why a large percentage of his surviving works – which number fewer than 20 paintings – endedup inParis’s the Louvre, andnot in his native Italy. Franco-Italian tensions ensured that organising a major retrospective exhibition in Pariswasarealnerve-wrackingundertaking. It is as though it’s not badenough that theLouvre has an endless source of tourism industry gold in the formof theMona Lisa, should France alsopro t fromworks borrowed from Italy – it was as if that was asked by the Italia Nostra cultural heritage organisation when they tried to legally prevent the lending of the Vitruvian man drawing. The ve hundred and thirty-year-old drawing, which is in a very fragile condition, was to be transported from its place of residence in Venice, across the Alps, in a sealed glass box aboard a climate controlled truck, accompaniedbyarmedguards, all theway to the Louvre.Then the lawyers intervened.The loanwas approved under the condition that thedrawingbeexposedwithamaximumluminous intensity of 15 lux, after which it had to be stored in a dark room for a prolonged period of time in order to recover. TheVitruvianmanis, thus, nowondisplay for thehordesof visitorswhowill come to the Louvre to o er it“admiration”. But what does this drawing represent and why was such a fuss raised over lending it out? For the creationof thework,whichcarries thefull title“The Proportionsof theHumanBodyAccording to Vitruvius”, DaVinci drew inspiration from the writings of Vitruvius (circa 75-15 BC), the rst greatRomanarchitect andengineer, architectural historianando cer of theRomanarmy. In his work,“Ten Books on Architecture”, Vitruvius claimed that man contains within him all the perfections of the entire world, and that the ideal human body is characterisedbypreciselyde nedproportionsbetween its height and individual parts, and that they also re ect ideal proportions in classical architecture. He then described in exceptional detail the proportions of one such well-constructedman: “the distance from the chin to the top of the forehead should be a tenth of the whole height; the length of the foot is one sixth of the height of the body, the forearm is one fourth,” and so on… Vitruvius’sdescriptionsofhumanproportions would have a profound e ect on Leonardo. If a man be placed on his back, writes Vitruvius, with his hands and feet extended, and a pair of compasses placed at his navel, the centre point, the ngers and toes of his two hands and feet will touch the circumferenceof acircledescribed therefrom. Asquare can also be derived from the human body: the distance from the soles of the feet to the topof theheadequal themeasureof theoutstretched arms, with the breadth the same as the height, as in the case of plane surfaces which are perfectly square. “It was a powerful image. But, as far as weknow, nobodyknownmadea serious and precise drawing according to those instructions in the fteen centuries since Vitruvius composedhisdescription.Then, around1490, Leonardo and his friends set about working on a depiction of a man with his arms and Izložba Leonardo da Vinci u Luvru će trajati do 24. februara naredne godine The exhibition Leonardo da Vinci in Louvre will run until 24th February next year