oftencreatedoncomputers. Its style iseasilyrecognisable. e importance isplacedonthe line, asopposedtothe form, while narration and panel arrangementsdifferfromtheAmerican andEuropeanstyle. As a rule, panels and tables are read fromright to left, in accordance with Japanese grammar. Impressionist backgrounds are commonplace,asarescenesdepicting exterior parts instead of characters. While adrawing canbe incredibly realistic or comical, it isnoticeable that the charactershavebig eyes (with female characters generallyhavingbigger eyes thanmales), small noses, reducedmouthsandflat faces. Bigeyes becameanintegralpartofmangaand animebackin1960,whenOsamuTezuka fisrt began drawing them that way, copying the style ofDisney cartoons. He is considered the master of manga, so it would be appropriate to familiariseourselveswithhim. Osamu Tezuka (1928-1989) Osamu Tezuka was a Japanese mangaartist, animator,producerand doctor of science. He is also dubbed the “father of anime”.WhenOsamu was a boy, his mother would often tell him bedtime fairy tales, which helped him develop a vivid imagination. Other children teased him in secondary school, and he fled to hismangaworks,whichwouldsoon, thankstohim, becomethetopsensation in Japan. at which his mother had always encouraged in him as a hobby became a job. People paid Tezuka to authormanga stories and hegainedpopularity throughout the entire region. Tezuka had a special drawing style,whilehe startedcreating anime sometime later. He introduced filmnarration and characters whose appearance in shorter comic episodesformedpartofa larger, complete narrative. e only text in Tezuka’s comics is represented by dialoguebetween the characters, which gave these comics afilm-like quality. Healso introducedDisneystylefacial expressions, with which the characters’ eyes,mouth, eyebrowsandnose are sometimes overly pronounced, which rendered them very striking, andmadehisworkverypopular. is served to revive the old ukiyo-e tradition to an extent, inwhich the image is more the product of an idea thananactual physical reality. Tezuka addressed almost all film genres of his time inhis comics. Hismanga works range from action adventure (Kimba the White Lion) to serious drama (Black Jack) and science fiction (MightyAtom, better knownas AstroBoy), horror (Dororo, theman with three eyes). Althoughhe is best known in the West as the creator of Astro Boy, many of his manga have very serious plots, and sometimes dark tones. What is anime? Manga and anime » Manga i anime | 73 MANGA AND AN I ME Comics that escaped Japan and conquered theworld This timewhen all eyes are fixed on Japan and the Olympics is perhaps the right time to familiarise ourselves with their culture andwhat has become their best export product in the last decade – comics and cartoons. Okay, we actuallymeanmanga and anime The gaming world is unknown to many, cosplay often doesn’t differ from fancy dress parties, and anime and manga are jammed into the same basket. at’s why we’re travelling to Japan, but not to the Olympic Games.We’re discovering the country that has much higher sales of comic books than anywhere else in the world. ere are several main mangamagazines containing a dozenepisodesbydifferent authors that sell in several million copies per week. Manga is appreciated equally as an art form and as popular literature. And beyond Japan, clearly, manga are called comics. What is manga? ey started to be sold on the market in 2006 and have achieved hugepopularity.Createdusingablack and white technique, manga is very Tekst/Words: Mila Durman @ememblog.rs www.ememblog.rs Fotografije/Photography: Profimedia.rs, iStock